Lilly Martin Spencer (1822–1902) was an American genre painter known for domestic scenes and images of women and children. She spent a significant part of her art career working in Cincinnati where she cultivated her skills in the vibrant art scene there. Her husband fully supported her painting aspirations and helped maintain their household, enabling the family to move to New York in Spencer’s pursuit of success. She became popular, selling hundreds of thousands of lithographs, but these sales and other illustrations drew minimal revenue. She was able to support her family through her craft, but sadly her income never matched her popularity.